Renfrew County and District Health Unit works to increase public awareness of how to prevent the spread of infectious diseases.
Healthy habits are important to protect yourself and others from potentially harmful germs. Germs are types of microbes, such as bacteria or viruses, which can cause diseases. They are spread directly from person to person, or indirectly by touching a surface that has been contaminated with them. Harmful germs can sometimes lead to serious illness, particularly in vulnerable populations such as young children, the elderly, or people with underlying medical conditions. To reduce the spread of germs and to prevent yourself and others from getting sick, Renfrew County and District Health Unit recommends that you:
- Wash your hands with soap and water, or use hand sanitizer
- Cover your coughs and sneezes with a tissue or your arm, not your hand
- Stay home if you are sick
- Get immunized
Clean your hands
Hand hygiene is the most important way to prevent you and others from getting sick due to an infection. Hand hygiene refers to the cleaning of your hands by either washing them or applying alcohol-based hand rub. Consistently practicing good hand hygiene is essential to reduce the spread of infection in your at home, in daycares, schools, workplaces, and public places.
Hand Hygiene Resources
To learn how to sanitize hands using Alcohol-Based Hand Rub watch this video
To learn how to wash your hands watch this video.
Cover your cough
Click here to learn how to cover your cough (PDF)
Serious respiratory illnesses like the flu, respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), and whooping cough are spread by:
- Coughing or sneezing
- Touching contaminated surfaces, then bringing your hands to your face
To help stop the spread of germs:
- Cover your mouth and nose with a tissue when you cough or sneeze
- If you don’t have a tissue, cough or sneeze into your upper sleeve – not your hands
- Put your used tissue in the waste basket and wash your hands as soon as possible
Immunization is also called vaccination, needles and shots. Getting immunized is a safe and effective way of preventing many serious diseases that are contagious. See our immunization page.
Avoid close contact
Avoid close contact with people who are sick. When you are sick, keep your distance from others to protect them from getting sick too.
Stay home when you are sick
If possible, stay home from work, school and errands when you are sick. You will help prevent others from catching your illness.
Avoid touching your eyes, nose and mouth
Germs are often spread when a person touches something that is contaminated with germs and then touches his or her eyes, nose or mouth.
More information about infectious diseases:
Ontario Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care – Diseases and Conditions
Caring for Kids – Illnesses and Infections
Influenza is a serious illness that affects the airways and spreads easily from infected people through coughing and sneezing. Influenza can cause severe, life‐threatening illness for people in high‐risk groups. People at high risk are under 24 months, age 65 years and over, pregnant women and anyone with chronic health conditions.
Flu shots are available free for all Ontario residents over 6 months of age.
Flu shots are available through your local pharmacy, health care provider, and Renfrew County and District Health Unit.
For more information about the flu, visit the following websites:
Personal services are businesses that offer services such as tattooing, body and ear piercing, electrolysis, micro-pigmentation, acupuncture, manicures, pedicures, hairdressing and barbering, waxing, facials, and tanning. Public Health Inspectors enforce Ontario Regulation 136/18 and inspect these businesses at least once a year. Businesses that operate out of a private home are inspected too.
Diseases can be spread in these settings so it is important to use proper infection control practices. Public Health Inspectors use the Infection Prevention and Control Best Practices for Personal Service Settings (PDF, 74 pages, 300 KB) to guide their inspections. This document sets out standards for cleaning, disinfection and other practices to prevent the spread of blood-borne diseases and other types of infections.
Public Health Inspectors are a valuable and knowledgeable resource that owners/operators and their staff can use to provide a safe environment for their clients.
For more information about infection control in personal service settings, call 613-735-8654 extension 555.
To view personal service setting inspections, click here.
The Health Unit works to prevent human cases of rabies through the following activities:
- Public Health Inspectors investigate animal bites and scratches that are reported to the Health Unit. The owner has to put the suspect animal into quarantine. This is necessary to ensure that the rabies virus was not present in the saliva of the animal when the person was bitten or scratched. The animal is checked at the end of the quarantine period to make sure it is free of rabies symptoms.
- Monitoring the type, number and location of animals that have tested positive for rabies in Renfrew County and District and surrounding areas
- Having a Rabies Contingency Plan and keeping it up to date
- Investigating when people are exposed to animals suspected of having rabies
- Having a supply of anti-rabies vaccine
- Consulting with doctors in deciding when there is a need to give the vaccine to a person who has been exposed to an animal suspected of having rabies
If you are bitten or scratched by an animal:
- Clean/flush the wound immediately with soap and warm water for 15 minutes.
- See a healthcare provider for medical attention as soon as possible.
- If you know who the animal owner is, obtain their name and contact information and the animal’s vaccination status if available. Report this information to your health care provider and/or RCDHU.
Animal bite incidents must be reported to the Health Unit immediately using the Contact with Suspected Rabid Animal Report Form below.